Do You Know Your Job as Executor, Agent or Trustee?
It’s not uncommon for a named executor or trustee to have some anxiety when they discover that they were named in a family member’s estate planning documents.
With the testator or grantor dead or incapacitated, the named individual is often desperate to learn what their responsibilities are.
It may seem like they’re asked to put together pieces in a puzzle without a picture, especially when there is limited information to start with, says The Sentinel-Record’s recent article entitled “You’re an executor or trustee … Now what?”
Here’s a quick run-down of the responsibilities of each of these types of agents:
An executor of an estate. This is a court-appointed person (or corporate executor) who administers the estate of a deceased person, after having been nominated for the role in the decedent’s last will and testament.
A trustee. This is an individual (or corporate trustee) who maintains and administers property or assets for the benefit of a beneficiary under a trust.
An agent named under a power of attorney. This person (or corporate agent) has the legal authority to act for the benefit of another person during that person’s disability or incapacity.
Each of these roles has different duties and responsibilities. For example, an executor, in most cases, is responsible for filing the original last will and testament of the testator with the probate court and then to be formally appointed by the court as the executor.
A trustee and executor both must provide notice to the beneficiaries of their role and a copy of the documents. They may also have the responsibility to file an estate tax return, gather and sell assets, such as a house or car, and provide accountings to heirs or beneficiaries.
An agent named under a power of attorney may have authority to act immediately or only when the creator of the documents, that is the principal, becomes disabled or incapacitated. This is often referred to as a “springing” power of attorney. The authority granted to an agent named under a power of attorney terminates at the death of the principal, and access to the principal’s assets, such as bank accounts, is cut off.
Each of these individuals is responsible for managing and preserving assets for the benefit of the beneficiary.
They also must pay bills out of the assets of the estate or trust, such as burial and funeral expenses.
Finally, they settle the estate or trust and make distributions.
Reference: The Sentinel-Record (Nov. 24, 2020) “You’re an executor or trustee … Now what?”